A switch contains local configuration information such as port settings as well as fabric configuration information. Fabric configurations are stored on every switch in the fabric and does not require that you save and restore before replacing a switch. When a switch is replaced, removed, or otherwise disrupted, you can save and restore the local configuration information.
The information that is saved and restored on the local switch includes the following:
- VNETs with VNET manager running on the switch
- Port VLAN associations
- Network services running on the switch
To display a full list of the current configuration details for a switch, use the running-config-show command.
SFTP and NFS can be used to transfer the configuration file, but you must enable the two features before using them.
Caution: There is a potential for data loss when restoring a configuration. The configuration on the switch is replaced by the configuration stored in the import file. Although ISO images and disk-library images are not likely to disappear, you should only perform switch-config-import on a switch that doesn’t have important data stored on it. As a precaution, consider using the command switch-config-export to save the data on the switch that you are importing the configuration file. Also, copy the ISO images and disk images from the switch using the iso-image-library and disk-library-image-export commands and copying the files from the switch.
To save the switch configuration to a file, use the following command:
CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > switch-config-export export-file pleiades24
Exported configuration to /nvOS/export/pleiades24.2013-11-04T22.33.31.tar.gz
To display the files available for import and export, use the following command:
CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > switch-config-show
You can now copy the configuration file to a different host using SFTP or NFS. For example, you can SFTP to the switch-ip-address, and login using the SFTP password. Then use cd/nvOS/import, and use get to download the configuration file.
The switch-config-export command is used to export the configuration of the local switch. The file that is created is a tar file that includes a number of configuration files for the switch. The file is created under /nvOS/export. This is the command used to export the current configuration on the local switch. Also, each time you reset the switch using the command, switch-config-reset, a backup of the configuration is made and places a file in the same location.
Once the switch configuration is exported, it becomes available to import on the same switch, by using the switch-config-copy-to-import command. Netvisor One copies the configuration tar file from the /nvOS/export to the /nvOS/import directory. Once in the /nvOS/import directory, it is possible to use the switch-config-import command to import the switch configuration.
- The switch-config-import command is used to import a configuration on the local switch. When using that command, the intention is to import a switch configuration t previously exported by the same switch.
- The switch-config-import command has a few parameters to it. The ignore-system-config and the apply-system-config parameters are two parameters that allow the imported configuration of the switch to override or not override the currently configured information found under the switch-setup-show command. When you select the ignore-system-config parameter, the local configuration is saved to an archive. If you select apply-system-config, the settings in the tar file are applied to the local switch.
- When you import a configuration using the switch-config-import command, the current configuration on the switch is overwritten by the imported configuration file.
- The skip-fabric-join option imports the fabric configuration from the tar file. However, this information may be out of date with respect to the fabric if transactions have occurred on the fabric since the file was exported which causes the imported configuration to be out-of-sync with the current fabric. The alternative is to specify do-fabric-join, which extracts the fabric name from the tar file, and attempts to join the fabric and download the current fabric configuration, so that it is in sync with the rest of the fabric. The fabric configuration in the tar file is ignored, but cluster and local configurations are imported from the tar file.
When a switch that was part of a cluster is replaced, the fabric-join repeer-to-cluster-node command is used for the new switch to receive all required switch configuration, including the local configuration.
To upload a configuration file to a switch and set the configuration for the switch using the configuration file, you must transfer the configuration file to the target switch using the following sequence of commands:
Connecting to switch-ip-address
sftp> cd nvOS/import
sftp> put pleiades24.2013-11-04T22.33.31.tar.gz
Note: The configuration file must use the *.tar.gz extension to be recognized by nvOS.
Caution: Loading the configuration file causes nvOS to restart which results in a brief interruption to switch traffic flow.
Now load the configuration file which replaces the current configuration on the switch with the information in the file.
CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) >switch-config-import import-file pleiades24.2013-11-04T22.33.31.tar.gz
New configuration imported. Restarting nvOS...
Connected to Switch pleiades24; nvOS Identifier:0xb000011; Ver: 0.19.3747
There are many options available that allow you to control how the switch-config-import modifies the switch, including the following:
- ignore-system-config — ignore the current system configuration.The settings in the *.tar file are not applied to the local switch.
- apply-system-config — apply the system configuration in the imported file. The settings in the *.tar file are applied to the local switch. You typically do not want to use this option as it changes the in-band IP address and other settings.
- skip-fabric-join — opt out of joining the fabric. This setting imports the fabric configuration from the *.tar file, but this information may be out of date with respect to the fabric if additional transactions occur on the fabric since the file was exported.
- do-fabric-join — join the current fabric. This setting extracts the fabric name from the *.tar file and attempts to join the fabric. Then the switch contacts the current fabric to download the configuration so that the switch is in sync with the rest of the fabric. Cluster and local configurations are imported from the *.tar file.
- no-replace-switch — do not replace the current switch.
- replace-switch — replace the current switch. This setting is used to replace a faulty switch and after importing the file, has the same configuration as the replaced switch. This replaces all of the local, cluster, and fabric configuration by downloading the configurations from peer switches. No configuration is necessary or advised before running this command. However, you need to run the initial quickstart to obtain an in-band IP address.
By default, the initial switch system configuration, management IP addresses and other parameters, are not applied if there is another switch in the fabric with the same settings. To apply the initial settings, use the apply-system-config option. Also, by default, the imported configuration attempts to join the same fabric that the original switch was a member. If that join fails, then the import fails. You can avoid this issue by using the skip-fabric-join option.
Finally, if the original switch is still on the network and you want to copy the configuration to a new switch, but you want to prevent the new switch from taking ownership of any objects specific to the original switch, such as VNET services, or VLAN port settings, you must use the no-replace-switch option.