Configuring BGP on a vRouter


Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is a path-vector protocol and is the most commonly used routing protocol on the Internet. It advertises the paths required to reach a certain destination. BGP is also a protocol that sits on top of TCP, and is simpler than Open Shortest Path First (OSPF). In Figure 1  Configuring BGP for Two VLANs, you want network traffic from the source host to reach the destination host. But when different VLANs are configured, the source host traffic is not aware of the route between the source host and the destination host. However, there is a VLAN that spans VLAN 33 and VLAN 55. You solve this problem by configuring BGP in the same Autonomous System (AS) 100 that sends traffic over VLAN 35. This allows the source host to learn the route to the destination host.

 

Using a loopback address for peering is useful when there are multiple paths between the BGP peers which would otherwise tear down the BGP session if the physical interface used for establishing the session goes down. It also allows the vRouters running BGP with multiple links between them to load balance over the available paths.

 


 Figure 5-2 - Configuring BGP for Two VLANs

 

 

This example assumes that you have two VLANs, VLAN33 and VLAN55. Also, that you have added ports to the configuration.


Begin by configuring vRouter1, a software vRouter, on VLAN 33 with the BGP information:

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-create name vrouter1  fabricname-global router-type hardware bgp-as 100 bgp-redist-connected-metric none

Additional BGP parameters include the following:


  • bgp-redist-static-metric — redistribute static BGP route metric number
  • bgp-redist-connected-metric — redistribute connected BGP route metric
  • bgp-redist-rip-metric — redistribute BGP into RIP process metric
  • bgp-redist-ospf-metric — redistribute BGP into OSPF process metric
  • bgp-cluster-id — the ID assigned to the BGP cluster.
  • bgp-max-paths — maximum number of BGP paths
  • bgp-ibgp-multipath — allow the BGP vRouter to select multiple paths for load sharing.
  • bgp-bestpath-as-path — allow BGP to use the best path for traffic forwarding.
  • bgp-dampening|no-bgp-dampening — suppress flapping routes so they are not advertised.
  • bgp-graceful-restart|no-bgp-graceful-restart — mechanism for BGP that helps minimize the negative effects on routing caused by BGP restart.
  • bgp-stalepath-time — how long a router waits before deleting stale routes after an end of record (EOR) message is received from the restarting router.

 

Add the IP addresses and VLANs:

 

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-interface-add vrouter-name vrouter1 ip 10.16.35.33/24 vlan 35

 

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-interface-add vrouter-name vrouter1 ip 10.16.33.1/24 vlan 33

 

Add the BGP information:


CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-bgp-add vrouter-name vrouter1 neighbor 10.16.35.55 remote-as 100

 

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-bgp-add vrouter-name vrouter1 network 10.16.33.0/24


Display the interface information for vrouter1:


CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-interface-show format all layout vertical


vrouter-name:   vrouter1

nic:            eth1.33

ip:             10.9.100.100/16

assignment:     static

mac:            66:0e:94:30:c6:92

vlan:           33

vxlan:          0

if:             data

alias-on:       

exclusive:      no

nic-config:     enable

nic-state:      up

secondary-macs:

vrouter-name:   vrouter1

nic:            eth2.33

ip:             192.168.42.11/24

assignment:     static

mac:            66:0e:94:30:25:5e

vlan:           33

vxlan:          0

if:             data

alias-on:       

exclusive:      no

nic-config:     enable

nic-state:      up

secondary-macs:

 

 

If you want to filter IP hosts, you can add prefix lists to the BGP configuration. See Configuring Prefix Lists for BGP and OSPF.

 

Then, configure vRouter2 on VLAN 55:

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-create name vrouter2  fabricname-global router-type hardware bgp-as 100 bgp-redist-connected-metric none

Add the IP addresses and VLANs:


CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-interface-add vrouter-name vrouter2 ip 10.16.35.55/24 vlan 35

 

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-interface-add vrouter-name vrouter2 ip 10.16.55.1/24 vlan 55

 

Then add the BGP information:


CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-bgp-add vrouter-name vrouter2 neighbor 10.16.35.33 remote-as 100

 

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-bgp-add vrouter-name vrouter2 network 10.16.55.0/24

 

And finally, add the loopback address:

 

CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-loopback-interface-add vrouter-name vrouter1 index 5 ip 1.1.1.1


Netvisor ONE uses the index value as a number to uniquely identifies the vRouter in the AS.


Display the vRouter BGP configuration:


CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-bgp-show format all layout vertical


vrouter-name:           vrouter33

ip:                     10.16.35.55

neighbor:               10.16.35.55

remote-as:              100

next-hop-self:          no

route-reflector-client: no

override-capability:    no

soft-reconfig-inbound:  no

max-prefix-warn-only:   no

vrouter-name:           vrouter33

ip:                     10.16.33.0

network:                10.16.33.0/24

vrouter-name:           vrouter55

ip:                     10.16.35.33

neighbor:               10.16.35.33

remote-as:              100

next-hop-self:          no

route-reflector-client: no

override-capability:    no

soft-reconfig-inbound:  no

max-prefix-warn-only:   no

vrouter-name:           vrouter55

ip:                     10.16.55.0

network:                10.16.55.0/24

 

To reset BGP neighbors, use the vrouter-bgp-neighbor-reset command.


To display BGP neighbors, use the vrouter-bgp-neighbor-show command.


CLI (network-admin@Leaf1) > vrouter-bgp-neighbor-show

 

vrouter-name: vrouter1

neighbor:     10.9.100.201

ver:          4

remote-as:    100

msg_rcvd:     11

msg_sent:     19

tblver:       0

inQ:          0

outQ:         0

up/down:      00:54:04

state/pfxrcd: Connect

vrouter-name: vrouter2

neighbor:     10.9.100.101

ver:          4

remote-as:    100

msg_rcvd:     12

msg_sent:     18

tblver:       0

inQ:          0

outQ:         0

up/down:      00:53:37

state/pfxrcd: Connect

 

Additional BGP Parameters

 

There are additional BGP parameters that you can use to optimize your BGP network. Add any of the following parameters:


  • ebgp-multihop — a value for external BGP to accept or attempt BGP connections to external peers, not directly connected, on the network. This is a value between 1 and 255.
  • update-source vrouter — the source IP address of BGP packets sent by the router. This parameter is required if you want BGP to perform peering over a loopback interface.
  • prefix-list-in — specify a list of incoming prefixes for route redistribution.
  • prefix-list-out — specify a list of outgoing prefixes for route redistribution.
  • override-capability — override the result of capability negotiation with the local configuration. This parameter allows you to ignore a remote peer’s capability value.
  • soft-reconfig-inbound — defines the route refresh capability by allowing the local device to reset inbound routing tables dynamically by exchanging route refresh requests to supporting peers.
  • max-prefix — allows you to specify the maximum number of IP prefixes to filter.
  • max-prefix-warn — add a parameter to warn when the maximum number of prefixes is reached.